To compare laparoscopic and open surgical techniques in the management of retrocaval ureter.
Bilateral spontaneous urinoma is an encapsulated collection of urine around the kidney. Urinoma usually occur due to an obstructive cause.
bacterial interactions as detected by pooled antibiotic susceptibility testing (p-ast) in polymicrobial urine specimens
Both M-PCR and SUC were performed on urine samples from 2511 patients (mean age 73; range 24 - 100) with UTI symptoms.