Department of ophthalmology, Children’s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, China
Received Date: 20 Oct, 2019 ; Accepted Date: 25 Oct, 2019 ; Published Date: 01 Nov, 2019
Allergic conjunctivitis (AC) is a group of diseases stimulated by allergens to conjunctiva, usually associated with type I(IgE-mediated hypersensitivity) and type IV hypersensitivity reactions (non-IgE-mediated hypersensitivity). This disease was studied in the west countries for many years, but in China, we lack epidemiological investigation of allergic conjunctivitis, especially in children. The study included a total of 176 subjects suffering from AC and 131 normal control subjects in Children’s Hospital of Chongqing Medical University (Chongqing, China) from July 2015 to July 2017. There was no significant difference in age between the two groups. We found the morbidity of allergic conjunctivitis was higher in male than in female of children (P<0.01). And our research showed that a small number of children in the case group were ever breast-fed and the percentage was far less than the control group (P<0.01). A further study found that the rate of parental allergy history in the case group was higher than that in the control group (P<0.01 both in father and mother). Our study results suggested that breastfeeding can effectively reduce the incidence of allergic conjunctivitis, especially for those children whose parents had history of allergic diseases.
Citation: Qin Xiang (2019) A Study of Allergic Conjunctivitis in the Southwest Chinese Children. Eye Res Insight. 1: 001. ERI-001.000001.